185,180 (89th)


17,951,639 (July 2014) (61st)


NationalDemography 0 – 24yrs:             53.3 %

25 – 64yrs:           42.7 %

65yrs and over:   3.9 %


LifeExpectancy 68.41 yrs


Youth Development Index 95/170 (High)


NationalG.D.P $107.6 billion (2013 est.) (73rd)


Per CapitalIncome $5,100 (2013 est.) (159th)


Currency Syrian pounds (SYP)


EconomicDrivers crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, textiles, clothing, meat and live animals, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining, cement, oil seeds crushing, automobile assembly


OfficialLanguages Arabic


Other Local


Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian (widely understood); French, English (somewhat understood)


ClimaticZone mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus


Muslim 87% (official; includes Sunni 74% and Alawi, Ismaili, and Shia 13%), Christian (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian) 10% (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian), Druze 3%, Jewish (few remaining in Damascus and Aleppo)
Christian UmbrellaOrganization(s) Union of the Armenian Evangelical Churches in the Near East



Aleppo International Airport

Damascus International Airport

Deir ez-Zor Airport

Kamishly Airport
(Qamishli Air Base)

Bassel Al-Assad International Airport

Palmyra Airport




Al-Hasakah Airstrips
Aleppo Airstrips
Ar-Raqqah Airstrips
As-Suwayda Airstrips

Damascus Airstrips
Daraa Airstrips
Deir ez-Zor Airstrips
Hama Airstrips

Homs Airstrips
Idlib Airstrips
Latakia Airstrips
Quneitra Airstrips

Rif Dimashq Airstrips
Tartus Airstrips


Road Network 69,873 km
Rail Network 2,139 km
CorruptionRating 168/177
SecurityRating 59% (Extreme Security Risks) 


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